Spider Vein Treatment

About Sclerotherapy

A common procedure that can help anyone who is plagued by varicose veins and spider veins. This procedure is minimally invasive, involving an injection of solution (generally a salt solution) directly into the vein in question. After a small amount of time the problematic blood vessel turns to scar tissue that fades from view.

What Causes Varicose and Spider Veins?

Spider veins are hereditary 90% of the time and no matter what we do or don’t do, they can become visible as early as during our late 20’s or early 30’s. Usually they aren’t evident until we reach our 40’s and beyond due to other non-hereditary causes (ie. venous insufficiency, history of being pregnant, etc).

While varicose and spider veins may only appear to be cosmetic issues, they may actually indicate a more serious underlying problem affecting your venous system. The veins function by carrying blood from the body back to the heart. Normally, the valves in your veins serve as one-way flaps that prevent blood from flowing backwards. If the valves are damaged or weak, blood may flow back into the veins and accumulate, causing swelling and the appearance of large, twisted varicose veins on the surface of the skin. Spider veins are much smaller and often considered not dangerous. However, they may also indicate blood reflux deeper under the skin in some cases. Other causes include hormonal changes, injuries, and exposure to the sun.

Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency, or venous reflux, is a condition often caused by weak or damaged valves that may lead to the appearance of varicose and spider veins. Often affecting the lower limbs, venous insufficiency has several risk factors including:

  • Age
  • Gender (often affecting women)
  • Family History
  • Obesity
  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Leg trauma or muscle weakness
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